Sleep apnea is a potentially concerning sleep-associated breathing disorder. The poorly treated condition may lead to daytime sleepiness, loud snoring, high blood pressure, heart conditions, and more. There are three of the main types of sleep apnea – Obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, and complex sleep apnea.
In this article, we share information on obstructive sleep apnea, shortly called OSA. This sleep-related breathing difficulty is characterized by repetitive obstructions in the upper airways during sleep. To receive medical help, you can connect with the most renowned chest specialist in Siliguri city. Fast medical assistance can bring more promising results.
Understanding the Symptoms of OSA
Outlined below are signs of obstructive sleep apnea:
- Day time tiredness or sleepiness
- Loud snoring
- Awakening with sore throat/dry mouth
- Morning headaches
- High blood pressure
- Low sex drive
- Mood changes/irritability
- Difficulty concentrating
If you’ve been struggling with repetitive episodes of breathing obstruction while sleeping, be sure to talk to your pulmonologist/chest specialist. Loud snoring is not necessarily an indication of OSA but can be.
Due to obstructive sleep apnea the oxygen supply to your brain and other parts of your body gets reduced. And this condition causes poor sleep quality. Daytime sleepiness and loud snoring are two of the most common complaints of this medical condition.
What Causes OSA/Obstructive Sleep Apnea?
The possible causes of OSA may include:
- Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) refers to breathing disturbance in obese people that results in poor oxygen flow in the blood. OHS can lead to obstructive sleep apnea with time.
- Chronic lung disease – asthma, COPD, pulmonary fibroids, the pulmonary disease can be responsible for interrupted breathing patterns when your fall asleep.
- Hypothyroidism, polycystic ovary syndrome, excess growth hormone may influence your normal breathing during sleep.
- Kidney failure, heart failure, stroke can also obstruct your upper airways.
Knowing the Risk Factors for OSA
The following are some of the conditions that can put you at risk of OSA:
- Obesity or being overweight is a risk factor for several diseases. Out of which obstructive sleep apnea is one. Accumulation of fat in your upper airways makes you more susceptible to this sleep disorder.
- Abnormally enlarged tonsils can cease your breathing repetitively.
- Older age might increase the likelihood of OSA.
- Inherited narrow airways might interfere with your breathing.
- Hypertension can increase your chance of obstructive sleep apnea.
- Diabetes, at the same time, might result in this sleep-related breathing problem.
- Chronic nasal congestion might double your risk of developing obstructive sleep apnea.
- Smoking is a lung irritant that might help in the development of OSA.
- A family history of OSA can put you at risk of the same condition.
Complications of OSA can be several. Untreated OSA makes you more likely to have – Daytime fatigue, heart health problems, eye health issue, et al. Consider consulting a chest specialist to safeguard your wellbeing against serious health concerns.
In order to diagnose your health condition, a chest specialist/pulmonologist may go ahead with a physical exam first. Plus, reviewing your medical history allow your doctor to know if you have an underlying disease that might be alarming.
A few tests/diagnostic procedures that help rule out how advanced your problem is may involve – Pulse oximetry decking, Electromyography (EMG), Electrocardiogram (ECG), Polysomnography (PSG), etc. You can contact the best pulmonologist to get treatment for breathing problems in Siliguri.
To heal OSA, your doctor may suggest lifestyle improvements, such as – Keeping body weight in check, exercising regularly, avoiding lung irritants (smoking, alcohol consumption), or sleeping on your back. Different types of medical therapies and surgical procedures (removal of tonsils or polyp, jaw surgery) are beneficial for relieving this health condition.