The heritage of Uttarakhand, which is rich in cultures and traditions, is so vast that it cannot be contained in any writing. Here Panch Kedar,
Panch Prayag and Panch Badri are present in their natural form. Many fairs and religious rituals are organized throughout the year, this includes the royal journey of Mother Nanda Devi.
According to folk history, Nanda Devi was the presiding deity of the Katyuri dynasty of Kumaon along with the kings of Garhwal. Being the presiding deity,
Nanda Devi is addressed as Rajarajeshwari. Nanda Devi is seen as the sister of Parvati, but in some places, Nanda Devi is considered to be the form of Parvati.
It is believed that once Nanda came to her maternal home. But due to some reason, she could not go to her in-laws’ house for 12 years. Later he was sent to his in-laws’ house with respect.
Rajajat Yatra is the journey of sending mother Nanda to her in-laws’ house. Maa Nanda is believed to be the consort of Lord Shiva and Kailash (Himalayas) is the abode of Lord Shiva.
In this yatra, Patti Chandpur and Shriguru area in Chamoli district are considered as maternal uncle of Mother Nanda and Badhan area (Nandak area) as her in-laws.
Mother Nanda is the Ardhangini of Lord Shiva Bholenath and the daughter of Uttarakhand Himalaya, through this journey she goes to her in-laws’ house i.e. Mount Kailash. Every year this yatra begins on the day of Bhadrapada Shukla Ekadashi.
Nanda Devi Rajajat Yatra, popularly known as Himalayan Mahakumbh and having the distinction of being the world’s longest and walking religious journey,
is said to be a big caste in 12 years, which is celebrated in a very big way in which devotees from all over the country and abroad are involved and every year it is celebrated in the form of a small caste. This journey is a divine, wonderful and thrilling journey in itself.
This historical journey is also considered a symbol of the cultural union of Garhwal-Kumaon. As everyone knows, Kumaon and Garhwal are two parts of Uttarakhand. The next big Jat Yatra will take place in 2025.
This historical journey of Nanda Devi begins with the doli of Nanda Devi from the divine ancient temple of Shri Badrinath Chamoli district Nanda Nagar Ghat Kurud village.
From the temple of Kurud, the dolls of Dasholi and Badhon start the caste. In this journey, a distance of about 250 km has to be covered from Kurud to Homkund. During this, one has to cross dense forests, rocky routes, inaccessible peaks and snowy mountains.
Its first stop is Ida Badhani at 10 km. After that, there are two halts in Nauti. After Nauti, the journey via Sem, Koti, Bhagoti, Kulsari, Chepadyun, Nandkeshari, Faldia village, Mundoli, Vana, Gairolipatal,
Patranchauniya reaches its destination Homkund via Shilasamudra. During this journey, Lohajung is such a stop where even today iron arrows are pricked on big stones and trees. Some arrows have been taken out for museums. A fierce battle is believed to have taken place at this place
On the way to the king, there is Roopkund lake surrounded by snow-capped peaks, to solve the mysteries of which not only India but scientists of many countries of the world are studying for decades.
Due to no restrictions, scientists from all over the country and abroad have taken away these male skeletons and other remains, containing a wealth of secrets of the past, from Roopkund Lake,
situated at an altitude of 16200 feet above sea level. Yet many skeletons still lie on the banks of this lake, far above human settlements. Meat has even been found on some skeletons.
Along with the skeletons, ornaments, Rajasthani shoes, betel, stained teeth, conch shells, conch bangles etc. are scattered. Hundreds of these skeletons were first unearthed in 1942 by a forest ranger.
Simultaneously, the hunt for the Chausingya (Four Singh) Khadu sheep to lead this historic journey also begins. Before the yatra, such a strange sheep has been born anywhere in the villages of Chandpur and Dasholi patties.
Chausingya Khadu (four-horned sheep) has special significance in this journey, which is born before the time of kingship in the local area.
In a double-sided bag placed on her back, devotees keep ornaments, adornments, and other light offerings for the goddess, who, after being worshiped in the homakund, proceeds to the Himalayas.
People believe that Chausingya Khadu further disappears in the Himalayan mountain ranges and enters Kailash, the region of Nanda Devi.
About 200 local deities participate in this Mahayatra along with special workmanship-made ringal chhanolis, dolis and marks. Situated at an altitude of 13200 feet above sea level, the destination of this journey goes on foot to Hemkund via the mysterious Roopkund.