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What Is Diabetic Retinopathy And How It Causes Vision Loss?

by SalenaMartine
Diabetic Retinopathy

Today, we will talk about diabetic retinopathy and how it affects vision. It is basically an eye condition that impacts the blood vessels in the retina. The retina is a part of the eye that helps the light change into the images.

If you notice any changes or you might feel any kind of discomfort in the eye, you should immediately visit the Eye Hospital In Punjab for your checkup. Please do not wait, as it might lead to severe conditions too.

What Is Diabetic Retinopathy?

In diabetic retinopathy, the blood could either swell, leak, or bleed. These changes may often lead to low vision or even blindness. It is generally seen to affect both the eyes, and if you do not treat it, it could also lead to damage to the retina.

The most common cause of vision loss among patients with diabetes is noticed to be diabetic retinopathy.

What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetic Retinopathy?

There are no significant signs that you could immediately notice in diabetic retinopathy. However, these are some of the most common symptoms you could see right after it becomes severe.

  • You would not be able to have a clear central vision, which is generally used for driving or reading.
  • You would also not be able to distinguish the colors.
  • You would also have a blurry or unclear vision.
  • You might notice some black spots or holes in your eye.
  • There might also be small spots known as floaters in your sight because of the bleeding.

What Are The Causes Of Diabetic Retinopathy?

The main reason behind diabetic retinopathy is the high glucose level, also known as blood sugar. In that case, the blood vessels get blocked, which is there to keep the retina healthy. However, the eye would produce back the tiny blood vessels, but their development would not be proper, weakening them. It could also lead to leakage of fluid or bleeding in your retina. Your vision could get blurry or even lead to another condition called macular edema. You are highly recommended to go to the Best Eye Doctors in Punjab and do your eye checkup

What Are The Risks Of Diabetic Retinopathy?

If you have any diabetes like type 1, 2, or even gestational, you might be at risk of having diabetic retinopathy. If you do not treat your diabetes or control it with time, the chances will increase gradually.

These are some other health conditions that could trigger diabetic retinopathy.

  • If you have high blood pressure
  • If you consume tobacco, either by smoking or chewing tobacco.
  • If you have a high cholesterol level.

What Are The Stages Of Diabetic Retinopathy?

There are four stages of diabetic retinopathy

  1. Mild nonproliferative retinopathy
  2. Moderate nonproliferative retinopathy
  3. Severe nonproliferative retinopathy
  4. (PDR) Proliferative diabetic retinopathy


How Can The Doctor Diagnose Diabetic Retinopathy?

The eye doctor could easily diagnose this during an eye checkup.

  • Pupil dilation
  • Fluorescein angiogram

For All Intents And Purposes

Do not wait longer than it is necessary to get your eye checkup with the professional at the Mitra Eye Hospital. For any minor problem visit us.

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